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Δr289K = -258, 3 J.K-1.mol-1 ; La diminution de l’entropie est due à la diminution du désordre (réactifs (liquide + gaz) → produits (solide + gaz) ; le nombre de moles de gaz étant le même dans les réactifs et dans les produits (Δυgaz= 0))





La réaction de synthèse du glucose à partir de dioxyde de carbone et d'eau n'est pas spontanée entre 10°C et 35°C. Des enzymes sont mis à contribution. 








1. Ecrire la configuration électronique de l’iode, de numéro atomique Z = 53, dans son état fondamental, en respectant les trois règles de remplissage des sous-couches électroniques. En déduire le nombre d’électrons de valence de l’iode.
Remparque : la réponse choisie doit contenir les deux reponses correctes.




...
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p5. L’iode possède 7 électrons de valence : 5s2 5p5


2. A quelle famille d’éléments appartient l’iode ?



...
L’iode appartient à la famille des halogènes, la colonne N°17, de la classification périodique mendeleïev


3. Déterminer le schéma de Lewis des molécules suivantes : ICl3
Electronégativité :  χ(Cl) = 3 ; χ(I) = 2,5
Numéro atomique: Z(Cl) = 17   




...



4. Pour ICl3, prédire le type (AXmEn), la géométrie moléculaire et la forme en utilisant l'approche VSEPR.?
Remarque : la réponse choisie doit contenir les trois réponses correctes. 




...
ICl3 : type AX3E2, bipyramide à base triangulaire, forme d'un T.


5. A l’aide du diagramme énergétique des orbitales moléculaires, écrire la structure électronique des espèces  O2, O2-, O22- et O2+




...



6. Pour ces espèces, déterminer la propriété magnétique et l’ordre de liaison.




...





7. Parmi les classements ci-dessous, lequel n'est pas correct.
Z(Ba)=56 ; Z(Sr)=38 ; Z(Mg)=12 ; Z(O)=8 ; Z(Se)=34 ; Z(Te)=52 ; Z(F)=9 ; Z(N)=7



...
Le classement par ordre décroissant de l'énergie d'ionisation est incorrect. L’atome d’azote est stable car sa sous-couche, 2p, est à moitié remplie.  Le classement correct est : EI1(F) > EI1(N) > EI1(O).



Phrasal verbs like "dish out", "man up", and "water down" to see how they are used in everyday conversations. We will cover: size up, dish out, rat out, dig in, fill out, water down, dumb down, farm out, suck up, suck it up, man up, weigh-in, light up, and beat to.



“Used to” is used:

to describe past habits in contrast with the present.

to talk about past states (also in contrast with the present)

  • I used to love watching films.
  • I used to live, used to love, used to like, used to feel...

“Would” is used: to describe past habits typical of a person or repeated events in the past but not states.

We can also use the past continuous with the frequency adverb “always” to describe a past habitual action.

  • I was always fixing things in the garage.





 




Electrical properties of glassy (vitreous) materials - ppt download: Noble Laureates from Kolkata Sir Ronald Ross  Nobel Prize (Physiology or Medicine 1902) Rabindranath Tagore Nobel Prize (Literature 1913) C.V. Raman Nobel Prize (Physics 1930) Amartya Sen Nobel Prize (Economics 1998) Mother Teresa Nobel Prize (Peace 1979)
VERB PATTERNS -ING or TO INFINITIVE Verbs followed by -ing admit adore appreciate avoid can’t face can’t help can’t stand can’t resist carry on consider. - ppt download.

                                              👇

             💢 English Verbs Followed by Infinitives or Gerunds 💢

                                              👆


Verbs Followed by the Infinitive


  • Afford
I can’t afford to go on holiday.
  • Agree
I don’t agree to go out in this weather.
  • Ask
I asked Mary to come with us.
  • Choose
I chose not to accept the job offer.
  • Decide
  • Expect
  • Hope
  • Learn
  • Offer
  • Prepare
  • Promise
  • Pretend
  • Want 

Verbs Followed by the Gerund

 

  • Admit
He admitted to smoking.
  • Avoid
I avoid using the car when I can walk instead.
  • Consider
  • Dislike
  • Enjoy
I enjoy travelling.
  • Finish
  • Give up
  • Mind
  • Practice
  • Suggest

Verbs Followed by the Infinitive or the Gerund (With the Same Meaning)

 

  • Start

I started studying English when I was at nursery school.
I started to study English when I was at nursery school.

  • Begin

She began to cry as soon as she reached home.
She began crying as soon as she reached home.

  • Continue

Verbs Followed by the Infinitive or the Gerund (With Different Meanings)

 

  • Forget

 Forget + gerund (to forget something from the past)

I can’t forget meeting you for the first time.

 Forget + infinitive (to forget to do something)

Please don’t forget to take this letter to the post office.

 

  • Like

 Like + gerund (to like to do something)

I like watching old films.

 Like + infinitive (to prefer doing something or to believe that it is correct)

I like to wash the dishes by hand.

Warning: The conditional verb form would like can only be followed by a verb in the infinitive.

 

  • Remember

 Remember + gerund (to remember something from the past)

I always remember visiting Vienna as a child.

 Remember + infinitive (to remember that something must be done)

Please remember to pick up Mark from school.

 

  • Stop

 Stop + gerund (clarifies what will stop happening)

Please stop making noise.

 Stop + infinitive (clarifies why something or someone stops)

The bus stopped to drop off the children.

 

  • Try

 Try + gerund (to try something as an experiment)

I have tried using honey instead of sugar.

 Try + infinitive (to attempt to do something difficult)

I have tried to learn Chinese, but it is really hard. 

 Stative verbs describe a state rather than an action. The verbs that are only used in simple tenses (Present SimplePast SimpleFuture Simple) [References : 1 ; 2 ; 3 ].

Agree

She didn’t agree with us. Her husband couldn’t help but agree. You drive a hard bargain, but I agree.

Appear
It appears to be raining. She appeared not to know what was happening. One by one, the stars appeared in the sky. The storm disappeared as suddenly as it had appeared.

Believe
I don’t believe the news. He says he’ll help us, but I don’t believe what he says. Christians believe that Jesus rose from the dead.

Belong
This book belonged to my grandfather.

Concern
This concerns you. The story concerns a friend of mine. The letter is to everybody it concerns. The roof of the barn concerns me because eventually it will fall in. His unsatisfactory work concerns me.

Consist
Bread consists of flour, water and yeast. The exhibition consists of 180 drawings. The information perfectly consists with our friend’s account.

contain
This box contains a cake. The book contains over 200 recipes. The article contains information on how to plan your retirement. Food that contains a high level of fat is not healthy. The documentary contains interesting information for both children and adults.

Depend
It depends on the weather. Differences in earnings depend on a wide variety of factors.

Deserve
He deserves to pass the exam. The referee deserves a pat on the back for his bravery. It’s been so long since I’ve satisfied my cravings and I deserve a reward for my diligence. What did I do to deserve this?

Disagree
I disagree with you. He is tolerant of those who disagree with him. The conclusions disagree with the facts. Scientists disagree about how the universe was created. Even friends sometimes disagree.

Dislike
I have disliked mushrooms for years. What you dislike in another, take care to correct in yourself. I dislike being away from my family. He seems to dislike any form of exercise. Why do you dislike him so much?

Doubt
I doubt what you are saying. I doubt my ability to do the job. I doubt the truth of this report. I doubt the accuracy of your statement. No one could ever doubt her loyalty.

Hate
Julie’s always hated dogs. I hate to bother you. I hate to see things done by halves. He loves peace and hates war. Both of them hate height.

Hear

Do you hear music? Have you heard the news? She just doesn’t hear what I’m telling her. He did not hear very well.

Imagine
I imagine you must be tired. Can you imagine that Jack has set up a company of his own?  I like the house but I don’t imagine I’ll live there forever.

Impress
He impressed me with his story. She impressed us by her past achievements. Jack impressed a Harvard professor by his knowledge of physics.

Include
This cookbook includes a recipe for bread. My hobbies include reading and painting. The building plans include much needed new office accommodation. Does the price include postage? Tickets include the price of refreshments.  Does the price include tax?

Involve
The job involves a lot of travelling. What will the job involve? The test will involve answering questions about a photograph. His transfer to another school involved an assessment procedure.

Know
I’ve known Julie for ten years. When three know it, all know it. The years teach much which the days never know. As a modern parent, she knows that it’s not how much you give children those counts, it’s the love and attention you shower on them.

Like
I like reading detective stories. She likes to be the center of attention. I don’t like leaving her on her own too long. Modern teenagers don’t like reading books.

Love
I love chocolate. He loved his sister dearly. Men love to hear well of themselves. Whom the gods love die young.

Matter
It doesn’t matter. What’s the matter? You look pretty fed up. It didn’t matter in the least. Only my love for you matters.

Mean
‘Enormous’ means ‘very big’. Real peace doesn’t mean absence of war. He didn’t mean to harm you. I don’t know what you mean.

Measure
This window measures 150cm. You didn’t measure the angle accurately. How do you measure the volume of a gas?

Mind
She doesn’t mind the noise. He who would catch fish mush not mind getting wet. Do you mind my opening the window?

Need
At three o’clock yesterday I needed a taxi. I need help now. We need in politics men who have something to give, not men who have something to get.

Owe
I owe you £20. I owe you a drink for helping me move. I think you owe me an explanation. You owe him an apology for what you said. How much do I owe you for the groceries?

Own
She owns two cars. His father owns a restaurant.

Prefer
I prefer chocolate ice cream. He was preferred to the post. Do you prefer comedy or tragedy? They prefer to be paid in foreign currency. Which brand of toothpaste do you prefer?

Promise
I promise to help you tomorrow. I promise I will do my duty. We promise to deliver within 48 hours. He promised to forward my mail.

Realize
I didn’t realize the problem. He realized his mistake at once. His worst fears have been realized. He didn’t realize what a gaffe he’d made. A good life is when you assume nothing, do more, need less, smile often, and realize how blessed you are for what you have.

Recognize
I didn’t recognize my old friend. I recognize you now. You are Mary’s husband. We recognize the necessity for a written agreement. I don’t know the title but I recognize the tune.

Remember
He didn’t remember my name. I don’t remember my first day at school. I definitely remember sending the letter. He didn’t remember every detail.

Seem
The weather seems to be improving. Jessica certainly didn’t seem to be a fool. The tickets seem to have got lost. You don’t seem quite yourself today. She did not seem at all afraid. Some of his views seem rather extreme.

Sound
Your idea sounds great. His arguments sound convincing. He sounded worried. Molly agreed, but she did not sound very convinced.

Suppose
I suppose John will be late. I suppose I got there about half past eleven. What do you suppose you will do after school? Why do you suppose he resigned? I don’t suppose for a minute that he’ll agree. He doesn’t suppose he’ll ever see her again.

Surprise
The noise surprised me. Her visit surprised me. He often surprises his girlfriend.

Understand
I don’t understand this question. I don’t understand what you’re trying to say.  I understand what you mean. We fully understand the reason for your decision. Kindness is the language that the deaf can hear and the dumb understand.

Want
I want to go to the cinema tonight. You don’t want to believe everything you hear. Brave actions never want a trumpet. If you want peace, prepare for war. Experience is what you get when you don’t get what you want.

Weigh (=have weight)
This cake weighs 450 g. Weigh yourself on the day you begin the diet. How much do you weigh? When did you weigh last? I always weigh my words before speaking. You always weigh up the pros and cons.

Wish
I wish I had studied more. If you wish good advice, consult an old man. I wish you’d be more positive. We wish her luck in her new career.

Fit

Be of the right size: This shirt fits me well. Those jeans still fit me. Angela says we can all fit in her car. The shoes fit better after being stretched.

Have

Own: I have a car.

See

See with your eyes / understand: I see what you mean. I see her now; she’s just coming along the road.
Feel  

Have an opinion: I don’t feel that this is a good idea. I felt a sense of excitement. I feel bad about the mistake. I feel really guilty at forgetting her birthday again. You’ll feel better after a good night’s sleep. I don’t feel like eating anything. The very thought of it makes me feel sick. I feel that you’re not telling me the truth. It’s so cold I can’t feel my toes. The baby’s skin feels like silk.

Taste

Has a certain taste: This soup tastes great. I taste salt in this soup. 

Smell

Sense, has a certain smell: I smell something burning in the kitchen.
Look

Have the appearance or give the impression of being: It looks as if Molly has finished the essay.  She looks happy.

Think

Have an opinion:  I think that coffee is great.

往期培训图片:

                                        培训环境

    

                                          上课中

    




 

    

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

中国软件行业协会培训中心

    

关于举办“新工科人工智能(AI)机器学习实战案例”在线培训及

认证考试通告

各有关单位:

   人工智能迎来了标志性的发展,谷歌、百度、腾讯等巨头纷纷入局,试图在互联网的下半场,掀起一场硝烟弥漫的战争,这场腥风血雨,夹杂着人工智能的概念和应用,究竟如何战胜对手,是需要关注的。随着人工智能的充分发展,劳动生产率和生产力水平的提升,人们的生活体验将更加丰富多彩,将更多地将人们从体力劳动乃至常规性的脑力劳动中解放出来,更多地投入到创造性活动当中。

          为了促进该领域软件技术人才的培养,中国软件行业协会培训中心特邀请在人工智能学术和研发领域一线专家共同举办“新工科人工智能(AI)机器学习实战案例”在线研修班,本次研修班以主打理论结合实践主题,课程强调动手操作;内容以代码落地为主,以理论讲解为根,公式推导为辅。现将有关注意事项通知如下:

一、培训对象

各政府、科研院所、企事业单位相关业务部门主管领导、科技工作者;从事物联网、机器视觉、数据挖掘、云计算、计算机视觉、人工智能、云服务与云安全等领域相关的企事业技术骨干、科研院所研究人员和大专院校相关专业教学人员及在校研究生等相关人员。

 

二、培训时间地点(具体事项,会前一周另行通知

            2021529日—31     线上:钉钉会议直播授课

          2021528日—31       线下:上海市(28日下午报到)

 

 

 

、主讲专家

中国科学院、北京大学、清华大学、上海交通大学,复旦大学等科研机构的高级专家。人工智能领域一线实战专家,机器学习,深度学习领域多年开发研究经验。

培训内容

详见附件

培训费用

培训费4300/人(包括资料费、专家费、场地费、证书费、发票费、GPU训练费),开会议费/培训费发票,可提供会议/培训通知,方便单位报销。住宿会务组统一安排(自愿选择),费用自理。注:参加本次会议可免费观看《数据分析与数据挖掘》的18个课时视频参加线上培训,后期本人可以免费参加相同线上及线下课程,不限次数、学会为止!

六、颁发证书

培训结束,经考核合格,可获得中国软件行业协会培训中心颁发的全国信息化人才人工智能应用师》(高级)专业技术证书。该证书可作为有关单位专业技术人员能力评价、从业人员加薪、晋升、考核和任职的重要依据。网上可查询,全国通用。

七、联系方式

请各单位积极组织和选派课题组负责人、专业老师、学生参加研讨,将报名表发送至指定邮箱,名额有限报满为止。

联系人:许利

  机:13611065305(微信同号)

报名邮箱:2719486384@qq.com

 

附件:

 

第一节:python基础

1. anaconda包的安装

2.最简版的python教程

3.通过anaconda配置环境

4.科学计算包numpypandas使用学习

5.绘图工具包matplotlib学习

 

第二节:人工智能与机器学习基础

 

1.人工智能概述 

2.机器学习概述

3.深度学习概述

 

第三节:回归算法

1.一元线性回归

2.利用sklearn实现一元线性回归应用

3.多元线性回归  

4.利用sklearn实现多元线性回归应用

案例:葡萄酒质量和时间的关系

 

第四节:KNN分类算法

1.KNN分类算法介绍  

2.KNN分类算法应用   

3.KNN的实现

案例:通过KNN进行分类

 

第五节:决策树算法

1.决策树算法介绍

2.熵的定义

3.决策树算法与应用实现

案例:用户购买行为预测

 

第六节:关联规则算法

1、 频繁项集

2、 支持度与置信度

3、 Apriori性质

4、 连接与剪枝

5、 关联规则的案例

案例:超市购物篮分析

 

第七节:K-means聚类算法

1.K-means算法介绍 

2.K-means算法应用

3.K-means算法实际应用案例

案例:鸢尾花的聚类分析

 

第八节:集成学习算法

1.Bagging算法介绍

2.随机森林算法

3.Adaboost算法介绍

4.Xgboost算法

5.stack算法介绍

 

第九节:支持向量机

1.SVM基本原理

2.SVM算法介绍

3.核函数

4.多类别的SVM

案例:SVM完成人脸识别应用

 

第十节:深度学习基础-神经网络介绍

1.人工神经网络发展史

2.单层感知器

3.激活函数,损失函数

4.梯度下降法

5.BP算法介绍

案例:BP算法解决手写数字识别问题

 

 

十一节:Tensorflow基础应用

1.Tensorflow/keras安装

2. Tensorflow的基础知识

3. Keras的安装与使用

4. Tensorflow/keras实现的回归

5.Mnist数据集合Softmax讲解

6.使用BP神经网络搭建手写数字识别

7.交叉熵(cross-entropy)的使用

8.过拟合、正则化与Dropout

9.各种优化器Optimizer

 

十二节:卷积神经网络CNN应用

1.CNN卷积神经网络

2.卷积层、池化层(均值池化、最大池化)

3.CNN的基础示例

4.CNN手写数字案例

 

十三节:长短时记忆网络LSTM应用

 

 

1.RNN循环神经网络

2.长短时记忆网络LSTM

3.改进的LSTM

3.LSTM应用案例:股价预测

 

十四节:图像分类模型vgg-16项目实战

 

1.使用训练好的vgg-16完成图像识别

2.用自己收集的数据训练图像识别模型

3.使用迁移学习完成图像分类

 

十五节:目标检测项目实战

1.目标检测项目简介

2.R-CNN模型详解

3.SPPNET模型详解

4.Fast-RCNN模型详解

5.Faster-RCNN模型详解

6. Faster-RCNN实现的目标检测

 

十六节:自然语言处理项目实战

1.自然语言处理项目介绍

2.word2vec介绍

3.词向量的最新发展

4.LSTM训练一个文本预测模型

课后辅助:

1.针对学员面对的问题进行讨论,提出建议

2.建立微信群(课后技术免费指导)

3.上课ppt资料都发到群里面

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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需要安排: ()间标间     ()间大床

                                                                   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

往期参加单位:(部分)

 

合肥工业大学

清华大学

空军工程大学

山东大学

华北电力大学

天津大学

烟台大学

长安大学

东北大学

北京理工大学

北京工业大学

国防科技大学

军事科学院

河海大学

上海交通大学

内蒙古工业大学

郑州大学

南京工业大学

北京化工大学

扬州大学

海军工程大学

海军航空大学

平顶山学院

山东理工大学

北京交通大学

沈阳发动机研究所

华北科技大学

燕山大学

宁夏大学

长安大学

中国农业大学

中国石油大学

新疆大学

武汉科技大学

第一海洋研究所

合肥工业大学

华南理工大学

齐鲁工业大学

军事科学院

陆军装甲兵学院